Safeguard valuable results and inventions in order to improve their potential for commercial.

We assess each invention we receive, and when feasible develop a preliminary commercialization strategy that takes into account many different aspects. The feasibility and best way to protect your technology through intellectual property rights is a critical one that involves you directly.



To be able to patent something, the invention needs to:

  • be novel
  • have inventive step
  • be industrially applicable
  • be legal and a part of permitted categories

Establishing whether your invention meets these criteria is a complicated, time consuming and expensive process. Although patenting is expensive, the rewards may be significant. If your invention is not properly protected, all rights might be lost forever.

Before going public, think about patenting!
Possibilities to obtain patent, easily can be lost by publication of the underlying research . No information should be publicly available- under any circumstances nowhere in the world- before you fill out your patent form.
Keeping information classified can be put to risk by:

  • Publication in the project proposals
  • Publications in journals
  • Presentations at seminars, conferences …
  • Information published on the Internet
  • Papers, posters and exhibitions
  • E-mails
  • Disclosure of information to others without signed NDA/CDA, etc.

Any “leaking” of the information about an invention can weaken or destroy possibility of patenting.
CTT UB will not prevent you from publishing your work

Following filing an initial patent application no information which is new or additional should be published without first checking with the patent attorney involved in the case. It is possible that the new information could be included in the patent application. If the information needs to be included in the patent application the only way this can be done is by way of a new updated application.

Preparing the patent application


While filling out an Invention Disclosure Form you will be providing us very important information which will help the patent attorney during the process of application. The patent attorney needs to file full and detailed specification which will explain the invention and point out its novelty and differences comparing to prior art. At least one way for the invention to be put into effect should be included in the specification. Hence information on experimental examples or prototypes can make huge difference in securing valid patent protection.


The patent application will aim to describe the work in as broad a way as possible, so as to avoid others easily ‘inventing around’ your work. We encourage you to think of all the possible ways of implementation of your work even if it goes beyond academic publications. Patent application will be published 18 months after submission.

Research team


It is essential to identify accurately the people who participated in creating invention described in patent application. Research team is a matter of facts, and not matter of opinion. It is not unusual to have more than two or three people who created an invention. Whilst those associated with research may be included as co-authors on academic publications, but only true inventors can be included on patent application.

Poorly stated research team can be a base for patent refusal.

No worries. So this doesn’t happen, CTT UB is able to assist in discussions to establish correct inventorship



Patent applications and granted patents are published all around the world by patent offices, and documentation about them is available. Published patents provide a lot of information which researchers might want to access for different reasons:

  • Assessing the likelihood of your own work being patentable over the existing publications
  • Exploring the way patents are written to clarify the scope of an invention.
  • Part of a ‘literature search’ at the beginning of your own project.
  • Assessing the likelihood of planned commercial activities infringing existing patents.

Published information about patents can be accessed free via numerous websites, among which are European Patent Office, Google patents, WIPO etc.


CTT UB is able to assist you in patent searching.

What is patent application procedure?


Most of our patent applications are filed first in Serbia, which provides an international ‘priority date’. After 12 months, international protection is sought via PCT system.


This enables filing of a single patent application to establish protection in a range of countries.


Total lifespan of patent in most of countries is 20 years from the initial filing date.

patent protection

Timescales and activities


Below is a guide to the timescales involved for steps in the patenting process:

  • 0-12 months – patent application filled in Serbia. Priority date established. Further explanations related to the invention must be completed within the next 12 months. This period is crucial for adding value to the patent.
  • Within 1 year – updated application filed. Data and information on the invention can be added at this stage.
  • – Within 18 months – patent application is published along with search report.
  • Years 2-4 – patent examiner report is received. (The patent attorney works together with technology transfer manager, inventor and the examiner to determine patent claims).
  • Years 5-7 – patent is granted/refused in each of the designated countries.
  • Years 4-20 – annual renewal fees are payable.